Most of us at some point in our lifetime have ended up with a cavity. This surely calls for a dentist to remove the decay and to fill the area that has been removed.
One of the basic challenges of dentistry is to restore the teeth with a material that resembles the colour and shade of the lost tooth structure.
New direct restorative materials have been developed in the search of suitable ‘Amalgam substitutes’ or ‘Amalgam alternatives’.
Over the years there have been continuous attempts by researchers to find the ideal esthetic restorative material with the best mechanical, physical and biological properties. As a result, we now have an array of tooth-coloured materials.
The first material developed for cosmetic and esthetic restorations was Silicate Resins followed by Unfilled Resins and subsequently by:
‘Silicate’ fillings were weak, susceptible to wear, easy to break and their colour changed regardless of the dentist’s skills in making them.
These were replaced by ‘Acrylic’ which also had a number of disadvantages.
Later this was modified into another material called as ‘Composite’ which is most commonly used nowadays.
Composite Resins can be used for a variety of cosmetic dental procedures which includes: